Showing posts with label blade. Show all posts
Showing posts with label blade. Show all posts

Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Installing VBox with extpack on ubuntu server 11.10

This article is about Virtual Box installation and virtual machine / virtual operation system installation WITHOUT a Graphical User Interface (GUI). I'm using an IBM Blade hardware for this Installation sample. Some information for this hardware is shown in pictures below:

The IBM Blade Chassis Hardware Topology Inventory details

The IBM Blade Server that located in the IBM Blade Chassis

I want to describe hardware details and base operating system before virtual system because, this may affect virtual parts. Actually this risc is really very low for VirtualBox versus OpenVZ. Because there are criterias of hardware compatibility for other virtualization products. I'm going to use a Ubuntu Server 11.10 for base operation system so this OS is used by most of the people. Also I'm going to select a 64 bit operation system to able to use 64 bit virtual systems.

Mount iso image, and check KVM and media tray and power on as show in following movie.

Ubuntu 11.10 Server AMD 64 bit OS installation steps are shown in following pictures: (These pictures show the steps that are almost all in default. You may want to jump if you wish.)

VirtualBox Installation;

1-) Add one of the following lines according to your Ubuntu server to your /etc/apt/sources.list

deb oneiric contrib
deb natty contrib
deb maverick contrib non-free
deb lucid contrib non-free
deb karmic contrib non-free
deb hardy contrib non-free
deb squeeze contrib non-free
deb lenny contrib non-free

Actually I need adding only the first line for my OS because, my ubuntu distribution is Oneiric. But your distribution may have a different version, so I write other distributions.

2-) Downloading the Oracle public key for apt-secure and registering:

support@tester:~$ wget
support@tester:~$ sudo apt-key add oracle_vbox.asc


support@tester:~$ wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -

3-) Installing virtualbox-4.1:

support@tester:~$ sudo apt-get update
support@tester:~$ sudo apt-get install virtualbox-4.1

4-) Downloading extension pack:

support@tester:~$ wget

5-) Installing the extension pack for Oracle VirtualBox. If we don't install extension pack, we won't be able to use remote display features. So our system hasn't got GUI yet, we can not start to install virtual system without extension pack. To install extension pack,

support@tester:~$ VBoxManage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.1.8-75467.vbox-extpack

You can find all of the official instructions and installation packages in .

You can watch these instructions on following movie:

You can visit to read "Creating virtual machines using VBoxManage command" article. It is the next step of this article.

Friday, September 23, 2011

How to follow up temperature of system room,

able to visit following link For more example and with different devices like hp, cisco, netscreen..;
also should be check article. This article contain a mobile phone client application to follow up to system room temperature..

I needed to find a solution for the question above for the company which I'm working for. I wanna talk about my quick solution in this article.

There are several IMB Blade chassis, cisco routers, Juniper devices, HP / IBM rock mountable servers, Cisco/Hp/Nortel swithces etc. in my system room.. Actually, there are many alternatives but I selected the IBM Blade chassis to read data of temperature. Because, It contains a lot of blade servers and they are really business critical. Somehow that blade chassis should always be powered on..

I have a Linux server for monitoring the network and something like that. It has got Apache Http Server, MySQL server, a Perl interpreter, a Php interpreter installed. I created a DB and a table to record temperature values. I wrote a script to connect to IBM blade chassis and get temperature value. This script gets the values and record them to a text file;

Read data from IBM Blade Chassis (;

use Net::Telnet ();
$t = new Net::Telnet (Timeout => 10);
$t->login("USERID", "password");
$t->cmd("env -T system:mt[1]");
@lines = $t->cmd("temps");
#print @lines;

open (HEDEF, ">/root/ibmTemperature/lastTemp.txt") || die ("Could not open file
print HEDEF "@lines";
close (HEDEF);

recorded data to the lastTemp.txt file is like this;

Value Warning Reset
----- ------- -------
25.00 38.00 33.00

I need the first value; the value of 25.00 at line 1. Use following command to eleminate unwanted parts.

echo `/usr/bin/head -4 /root/ibmTemperature/lastTemp.txt | /usr/bin/tail -1 | /usr/bin/gawk -F ' ' ' {print $1} '`> /root/ibmTemperature/tempfile.txt

Write data to MySQL table (write.php);

I decide to use different languages for each step. The following php script reads the data from blade chassis, writes the data to mysql database server


I did set to execution permission to the script given above. I also wrote the interpreter path to head of the script source. So therefore, I can execute it directly. I also have to say, I almost always use the full path names in all scripts. Because, if I use relative paths in the scripts, I need login on the treminal / console to execute it to get $PATH variable value from environmental values structure. But, If I use full path in my scripts, I can execute it from everywhere (for example, execute from crontab)

shell script for execute all (,

echo `/usr/bin/head -4 /root/ibmTemperature/lastTemp.txt | /usr/bin/tail -1 | /usr/bin/gawk -F ' ' ' {print $1} '`> /root/ibmTemperature/tempfile.txt

Now, I can add script in the crontab for executing it once a minute and script to be able to trigger the, write.php and some linux commands. And now, I have to explain that linux commands;

a) The head is captured from first 4 lines of lastTemp.txt text file. The pipe captures an output from that head and inputs to tail command. So tail command captures the last line from the output of head command and next pipe creates an input for gawk..

This structure is being executed once a minute for adding the current temperature information to MySQL table with mktime date/time format. The following php script creates a clear output for users on a web-page. (my webpage hosted on /systemRoom/ directory in web root directory.)


System room temperature graphic (Last 24 Hours):";
echo "";
echo "";
echo "\n";
$k = 0;
while($line = mysql_fetch_array($result)) {
$current = (3*$line["temp"]);
$current_temp = $line["temp"];

if($current < "72") { $color = "lightblue.PNG"; } elseif($current < "85") { $color = "blue.PNG"; } else { $color = "red.PNG"; } if($k == 0) { $now = $line["date"]; } else { if(strlen($line["date"]) > 5) {
$end = $line["date"];

echo "\n";
echo "";
//echo "";
echo "

echo "";
echo "";
//echo "Now (0 point on graphic): ".date("Y/m/d - H:i:s", $now)."
Oldest (End point on graphic): ".date("Y/m/d - H:i:s", $end)."

echo "";
echo "

: Recommended Values Range

: Acceptable Values Range

: Dangerous Values Range